Limassol or Lemesos (Greek: Λεμεσός, Lemesós; Turkish: Limasol or Leymosun) is the second-largest city in Cyprus, with a population of 228,000 (2008).
It is the largest city in geographical size, and the biggest municipality on the island. The city is located on Akrotiri Bay, on the island’s southern coast and it is the capital of Limassol District. Limassol is the biggest port in the Mediterranean transit trade. It has also become one of the most important tourism, trade and service-providing centers in the area. Limassol is renowned for its long cultural tradition, and is home to the Cyprus University of Technology.
A wide spectrum of activities and a number of museums and archaeological sites are available to the interested visitor. Consequently, Limassol attracts a wide range of tourists mostly during an extended summer season to be accommodated in a wide range of hotels and apartments.
There are also plans to build a large marina in Limassol. Limassol was built between two ancient cities, Amathus and Kourion, so during Byzantine rule it was known as Neapolis (new town).
Limassol’s tourist strip now runs east along the coast as far as Amathus. To the west of the city is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area,part of the British Overseas Territory of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. Limassol enjoys a Subtropical climate. Here is the highest average annual temperature (25 °C (77.0 °F) during the day and 15 °C (59.0 °F) at night) and the warmest winters in European Union’s part of Mediterranean Sea, with average temperature of 18 °C (64.4 °F) during the day and 9 °C (48.2 °F) at night in the period December to February. The summer’s season lasts 8–9 months, from March/April to November, although also in the period from December to February temperatures sometimes exceeds 20 °C (68.0 °F). Sea temperature varies from 17 °C (62.6 °F) in February to 27 °C (80.6 °F) in August. City and district of Limassol attracts millions of tourists each year.